12 Islamic Months with their Meanings

The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar consisting of twelve months. Each month holds specific cultural and religious significance within Islam. 

Muharram (محرّم):

 “Forbidden.”  The first month, a time for reflection and spiritual renewal. Marks the beginning of the new year and the Day of Ashura, commemorating the martyrdom of Imam Hussein.

Safar (صفر):

 “Empty.”  Traditionally associated with travel and change. Some consider it less auspicious but a reminder to trust in God’s plan.

Rabiʻ al-Awwal (ربيع الأول): 

“First Spring.”  Marks the birth of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and celebrates his teachings and legacy.

Rabiʻ al-Thani (ربيع الآخر): 

“Second Spring.” Continuation of celebrations surrounding Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) birth and life.

Jumada al-Awwal (جمادى الأولى): 

“First Frost.” Associated with increased rainfall and agricultural blessings.

Jumada al-Thani (جمادى الآخر): 

“Second Frost.” Continuation of blessings and preparation for Ramadan.

Rajab (رجب):

 “Respectful.” Considered a sacred month with increased acts of worship and preparation for Ramadan.

Shaʻban (شعبان): 

“Branching out.” Month of increased supplication, forgiveness, and preparation for the spiritual peak of Ramadan.

Ramadan (رمضان): 

“Scorching heat.” The holiest month, marked by mandatory fasting, increased Quran recitation, and heightened spiritual focus.

Shawwal (شوّال):

 “Eagerness.” Celebrates the end of Ramadan with Eid al-Fitr, a joyous festival marked by prayers, charity, and family gatherings.

Dhu al-Qiʻdah (ذو القعدة):

 “Month of sitting.” Time for rest and preparation for Hajj pilgrimage.

Dhu al-Hijjah (ذو الحجة): 

“Month of pilgrimage.” Culminates with the Hajj pilgrimage, a mandatory act for able Muslims, and Eid al-Adha, a festival of sacrifice and community celebration.

Islam vs Hinduism | Similarities and Differences

Islam vs Hinduism

Islam vs Hinduism (A Brief Exploration of Two Enduring Traditions)

Origins and History:

  • Islam: Founded in the 7th century CE by Prophet Muhammad, based on the Quran and teachings of Allah (God). Spread rapidly through trade and conquests, reaching across continents.
  • Hinduism: No single founder or specific origin point. Evolved over millennia in the Indus Valley civilization and beyond. Diverse traditions and practices within the umbrella term “Hinduism.”

Core Beliefs:

  • Islam: Monotheistic, emphasizing belief in one God (Allah) and submission to His will. Focus on prophets like Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad, with Muhammad being the final prophet.
  • Hinduism: Varies across denominations and individuals. Polytheistic, monotheistic, or panentheistic views exist. Key concepts include Brahman (ultimate reality), Dharma (righteous living), Karma (action-reaction), and Moksha (liberation from the cycle of rebirth).


Quran is considered the literal word of God, followed by Hadiths (sayings and actions of Prophet Muhammad). Five Pillars of Islam: Declaration of Faith, Prayer, Fasting, Almsgiving, and Hajj(Pilgrimage).

  • Monotheistic: Believes in one God, Allah, and considers Muhammad his final prophet.

“Say, He is Allah, [who is] One.”

Describes Allah as “As-Samad,” meaning the Eternal Refuge, needed by all for their sustenance and support.

“He neither begets nor is born.”

“Nor is there to Him any equivalent.” Quran[112]

  • Abrahamic Religion: Shares roots with Judaism and Christianity, acknowledging prophets like Abraham, Moses, and Jesus.
  • Scriptures: The Quran is central, considered the literal word of Allah. Hadiths (Prophet Muhammad’s sayings and actions) offer further guidance.
  • Five Pillars: Core practices include declaration of faith, prayer, fasting, charity, and pilgrimage.
  • Focus: Submission to God’s will, ethical living, compassion, and social justice.
  • Diversity: Various schools of thought and interpretations exist within Islam


  • Scriptures: Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, and countless others offer diverse perspectives.
  • Practices: Varied and diverse, including worship of deities, rituals, pilgrimages, yoga, meditation, and adherence to the caste system (though its interpretation and practice vary).
  • Emphasis: Inner liberation, self-realization, fulfilling one’s Dharma, and living in harmony with the world.
  • Internal Diversity: Numerous denominations, philosophies, and practices exist within Hinduism.


  • Both emphasize ethical living, compassion, and social responsibility.
  • Both have rich artistic and cultural traditions, influencing music, literature, and architecture.
  • Both acknowledge the existence of a higher power or ultimate reality.


  • Monotheistic vs. Diverse theological perspectives.
  • Emphasis on prophets and scripture vs. diverse philosophical and spiritual paths.
  • Specific practices and rituals differ significantly.
  • Views on caste system and social hierarchy diverge.



  • Dietary Guidelines: Primarily governed by Halal and Haram concepts.
    • Halal: Permissible food, prepared according to specific guidelines (animal slaughter methods, avoiding alcohol, etc.).
    • Haram: Forbidden food, including pork, blood, carrion, intoxicants, and animals not slaughtered Islamically.
  • Fasting: Ramadan, the holy month, requires abstaining from food, drink, and sexual activity from dawn to dusk.
  • Dietary Emphasis: Moderation, gratitude, and sharing food with others.
  • Examples: Halal meat dishes, dates during Ramadan, communal meals during Eid celebrations.


  • Dietary Practices: Vary widely across regions and sects.
    • Vegetarianism: Prevalent due to reverence for life and non-violence (Ahimsa).
    • Lacto-vegetarianism: Common, allowing dairy products along with vegetables and fruits.
    • Meat consumption: Some communities consume meat, while others abstain completely.
  • Fasting: Observant Hindus may fast on specific days or periods, offering food to deities.
  • Dietary Emphasis: Purity, mindful eating, and avoiding foods considered “Tamasic” (promoting negativity).
  • Examples: Dal (lentil soup), vegetarian curries, fruits, fasting on Ekadashi and Navratri.


  • Both emphasize mindful eating and avoiding overindulgence.
  • Both encourage sharing food with others and practicing hospitality.
  • Both have specific fasting practices observed by believers.


    • Islam has clear Halal/Haram guidelines, while Hinduism offers more diverse approaches.
    • Vegetarianism is more prominent in Hinduism, while diverse dietary practices exist within Islam.
    • Religious festivals have different food traditions in each religion.

Life and Death Perspectives in Islam and Hinduism


  • Life: Considered a gift from Allah (God), a chance to fulfill one’s purpose and worship Him. Emphasis on living ethically, compassionately, and contributing positively to society.
  • Death: Seen as a transition to the afterlife, not an ending. Judgment awaits, based on one’s actions and intentions in life. Paradise (Jannah) and Hellfire (Jahannam) are the potential destinations.
  • Beliefs:
    • Resurrection: Bodies will be resurrected for final judgment.
    • Angels: Role of angels like Azrael in taking souls and recording deeds.
    • Predestination: Belief in Allah’s plan for life and death, while emphasizing individual responsibility.


  • Life: Seen as a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth (Samsara). Goal is to achieve Moksha (liberation) from this cycle. Dharma (righteous living) and Karma (action-reaction) guide one’s journey.
  • Death: Not an end, but a transition to another life determined by Karma. Reincarnation can be human or other forms, leading to eventual Moksha.
  • Beliefs:
    • Atman: Eternal unchanging soul present in all living beings.
    • Karma: Every action has consequences, impacting future lives.
    • Moksha: Liberation from Samsara through spiritual realization and enlightenment.


  • Both acknowledge the impermanence of life and emphasize ethical living.
  • Both offer hope for an afterlife or liberation from suffering.
  • Both hold rituals and practices significant for navigating life and death.


  • Islam’s linear view of life vs. Hinduism’s cyclical understanding.
  • Islamic concept of judgment and finality vs. Hindu belief in reincarnation.
  • Emphasis on submission to Allah’s will in Islam vs. individual pursuit of Moksha in Hinduism.

Respectful understanding and avoiding generalizations about entire communities is crucial.

What Does Islam say about Terrorism?



Islam about Terrorism:

Terrorism always involves either the use of violence or the threat of violence to achieve political, religious, or ideological aims. A defining characteristic is the targeting of non-combatants or innocent civilians to instill fear and achieve objectives.

Islam unequivocally condemns terrorism and violence against innocent civilians. The sanctity of human life is a fundamental principle in Islam. Islam promotes resolving conflicts peacefully and emphasizes justice for all.

Killing an innocent person is considered equivalent to killing all of humanity  Quran [5:32].

Terrorist groups often misinterpret or manipulate religious texts to justify their violence. They disregard fundamental Islamic principles and cherry-pick verses out of context. Extremists exploit individuals facing social, economic, or political marginalization, twisting their understanding of Islam to serve their agenda.

“Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress. Indeed, Allah does not like transgressors.” Quran [2:190]

“Whoever removes a worldly grief from a believer, Allah will remove from him one of the griefs of the Day of Judgment. Whoever makes things easy for a person in difficulty, Allah will make things easy for him in this world and the Hereafter. Whoever conceals the fault of a Muslim, Allah will conceal his fault on the Day of Judgment.(Sahih Muslim)

Denouncing Extremism:  Muslim scholars and communities actively condemn terrorism and work to counter extremist narratives. They emphasize the true message of Islam, promoting peace, compassion, and understanding.

Addressing Root Causes:  Addressing the root causes of terrorism, such as poverty, discrimination, and lack of opportunity, is crucial to effectively combatting it.

Promoting Interfaith Dialogue:  Building bridges between communities and fostering interfaith dialogue can help combat prejudice and hatred.

“The best of people are those who bring benefit to others.” (Sahih al-Bukhari)

Judging an entire religion based on the actions of a few individuals is inaccurate and harmful.

Analyzing specific events and groups requires considering their historical, political, and social context.

Encouraging critical thinking and media literacy helps individuals analyze information objectively and avoid stereotypes.

“And if two groups of the believers should fight, then make peace between them. But if one of them transgresses against the other, then fight with the one that transgresses until it returns to the obedience of Allah.” Quran [49:9]

“Those who believe and do righteous deeds will have gardens of Paradise, an eternal home, with never a desire to leave them.” Quran [10:26]

“The believer is friendly and sociable, but the hypocrite is grumpy and sullen.” (Sahih Muslim)

Islam condemns terrorism. The Quran and Hadith, core Islamic texts, emphasize peace, justice, and respect for life. Above mentioned Verse like “Whoever kills a soul…it is as if he has killed all mankind” (Quran 5:32) clearly forbid harming innocents. Extremists misinterpret texts, using them to justify violence. True Islam promotes peaceful conflict resolution and denounces terrorism as a violation of its core principles. Understanding this distinction is crucial for accurate representation and collaborative efforts to combat violence.

“You have brains in your head. You have feet in your shoes. You can steer yourself any direction you choose.” -Dr. Seuss

  • A feeling of being marginalized or discriminated against
  • A belief that violence is justified in order to achieve political or religious goals
  • A desire for adventure or excitement
  • A lack of education or opportunities

These are the reasons behind someone’s Insurrection. In this case, the government ought to take the appropriate action. The people who do it for no particular reason, aside from the individuals who are compelled to threaten for their right, they ought not be redressed. It will assist with getting freed off from fear based oppressors.

“You must be the change you wish to see in the world.” –Mahatma Gandhi


Famous Personalities Converted to Islam

There are countless reasons why people convert to Islam, and individual motivations can vary greatly. Here are some common themes seen in the conversion stories of many individuals:

  • Finding Meaning and Purpose
  • Connecting with the Divine
  • Inner Peace and Harmony
  • Social Values and Justice
  • Equality and Community

Famous Personalities Converted to Islam

  1. Muhammad Ali (Boxer): Inspired by Malcolm X and Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad, Ali converted to Islam in 1964, citing his belief in racial equality and social justice that aligned with Islamic teachings.
Famous Personalities converted to Islam

2. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (Basketball Player): Formerly known as Lew Alcindor, Abdul-Jabbar converted to Islam in 1971, drawn to the religion’s emphasis on community, social justice, and spirituality.

Image of Kareem AbdulJabbar (Basketball Player)

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar

3. Janet Jackson (Singer): Jackson converted to Islam in the early 2000s, finding solace and guidance in the religion’s principles after personal struggles.

Image of Janet Jackson (Singer)

4. Yusuf Islam (Singer): Formerly known as Cat Stevens, Yusuf Islam converted to Islam in the 1970s, deeply impacted by the Quran’s message and seeking a more meaningful life.

Image of Yusuf Islam (Singer)

5. Jermaine Jackson (Singer): Inspired by his brother Michael’s interest in Islam, Jermaine Jackson converted in the late 2000s, finding peace and direction in the faith.

Image of Jermaine Jackson (Singer)

6. Ice Cube (Rapper): While not publicly confirming his conversion, Ice Cube has expressed strong interest and appreciation for Islam, citing its emphasis on social justice and community values.

Image of Ice Cube (Rapper)

7. Snoop Dogg (Rapper): Similar to Ice Cube, Snoop Dogg hasn’t explicitly confirmed conversion but has shown growing interest in Islam, attending mosques and expressing admiration for its principles.

Image of Snoop Dogg (Rapper)Snoop Dogg

8. Akon (Singer): Born to a Muslim family, Akon formally converted to Islam in his teenage years, finding deeper connection to his roots and appreciating the religion’s values.

Image of Akon (Singer)

10. Dave Chappelle (Comedian): Chappelle converted to Islam in the early 2000s, seeking personal growth and a stronger spiritual connection.

Image of Dave Chappelle (Comedian)

11. Mike Tyson (Boxer): After serving time in prison, Tyson converted to Islam in the mid-1990s, finding solace and guidance in the religion during a challenging period.

Image of Mike Tyson (Boxer)Mike Tyson

12. George Foreman (Boxer): Facing personal struggles after his boxing career, Foreman converted to Islam in the 1970s, finding inner peace and direction through faith.

Image of George Foreman (Boxer)

13. Cindy Crawford (Model): While not confirming official conversion, Crawford has expressed deep appreciation for Islamic culture and spirituality, influenced by her marriage to Rande Gerber.

Image of Cindy Crawford (Model)

14. Laurence Fishburne (Actor): Fishburne converted to Islam in the 1980s, drawn to the religion’s focus on community, social justice, and personal responsibility.

Image of Laurence Fishburne (Actor)Laurence Fishburne

15. Chuck D (Rapper): A prominent voice in hip-hop, Chuck D has identified as a Muslim since the 1990s, appreciating Islam’s message of empowerment and social justice.

Image of Chuck D (Rapper)

Chuck D

16. Seal (Singer): Born to a Muslim father, Seal formally converted to Islam in his teenage years, embracing the religion’s values and traditions.

17. Queen Noor of Jordan: Born Lisa Halaby, Queen Noor converted to Islam before marrying King Hussein of Jordan in 1978, finding purpose and meaning in her adopted faith.

18. Jermaine Defoe (Footballer): English footballer Defoe converted to Islam in 2004, seeking personal growth and a deeper connection to his faith.

19. Eric Roberts (Actor): Roberts converted to Islam in the 1980s, finding solace and guidance in the religion during a challenging period in his life.

20. Aisha Tyler (Actress): While not confirming conversion, Tyler has expressed deep interest in Islam and admiration for its emphasis on education, social justice, and women’s rights.

Aisha Tyler
21. Gabriel Omar Batistuta: is an Argentine former professional footballer who played as a striker. Batistuta converted to Islam in 2005, after retiring from professional football. He has said that he converted to Islam because he found it to be a more peaceful and spiritual religion. He has also said that he believes Islam is the true religion, and that it is the only way to achieve salvation.
Image of Gabriel Omar Batistuta (Footballer)
Gabriel Omar Batistuta

Is There Any Life After Death?

Life After Death

Is There Any Life After Death? This is the question that everyone thinks about. And the answer is, Yes. After death there is a endless life. Which will be the field of seeds to be sown in this world. Because, if the journey ends in this world, then the people who were under the influence of the tyrants will be abused. And Allah is not the one who unjust.

Death and Life After Death(A Journey Beyond this World)

Death, in Islam, is not simply the end of an earthly existence, but rather a transition to the next stage in an eternal journey.

 “And they will cry out therein, ‘Our Lord, bring us out; we will do righteous deeds instead of what we used to do.” Quran[14:50]

Angel of Death:

Azrael is responsible for separating the soul from the body at the appointed time of death. This is seen as a sacred task entrusted by God. He isn’t limited to taking the lives of Muslims but oversees the passing of all living beings, reflecting God’s universal power.


After burial, two angels, Munkar and Nakir, visit the deceased and ask questions about their faith and actions. This serves as a reminder of accountability. Their names translate to “the Denier” and “the Tormentor,” respectively.

They appear to the deceased after they are buried and ask them three questions:

  • Who is your Lord?
  • Who is your Prophet?
  • What is your religion?

The deceased can rest in peace until the Day of Judgment if they provide the right response. They suffer till the Day of Judgment if they give the wrong response.


Barzakh comes from the Arabic word “Barzakh,” meaning “obstacle,” “separation,” or “barrier.” It signifies the state separating the living from the hereafter.

The period between death and the Day of Judgment is called Barzakh. The state of the deceased, experiencing comfort or hardship, is believed to reflect their deeds.

The Day of Judgment:

  • Resurrection and Gathering: All humankind will be resurrected on the Day of Judgment, facing Allah for a final reckoning.
  • The Scales: Good and bad deeds will be weighed on a symbolic scale, determining their fate.
  • Paradise and Hell: Those who pass the test enter Paradise (Jannah), a place of eternal bliss and reward. Those who fail face Hell (Jahannam), a place of punishment and suffering.

Life in the Hereafter:

Descriptions of Paradise:

The Quran and Hadith describe Paradise as a place of unimaginable beauty, with gardens, rivers, and eternal pleasures.

“And those who fear their Lord will be driven to Paradise in groups, and admitted therein; and its gates will be opened to them.” Quran [10:26]

“For Allah has prepared for the believing men and believing women gardens [of Paradise] with rivers flowing beneath them, wherein they will abide eternally, and excellent homes in the gardens of Eden – and the [greatest] pleasure of Allah. That is the great attainment.” Quran [9:72]

Levels of Paradise:

There are different levels in Paradise, reflecting the varying degrees of righteousness individuals attain.

Punishment in Hell:

The Quran describes Hell as a place of intense suffering, with fire, boiling water, and other forms of torment.

“And We will surely gather them on the Day of Resurrection, [while they are] blue-faced from grief. Their place of gathering will be Hinnom [Hell], and an evil resting place it will be.” Quran [9:81-82]

Intercession and Divine Mercy:

Despite the severity of Hell, Islam emphasizes God’s mercy and the possibility of intercession by prophets and righteous individuals.

“Say, ‘O My servants who have exceeded the limits against their souls! Do not despair of Allah’s mercy. Indeed, Allah forgives all sins, and He is the Most Forgiving, the Most Merciful.” Quran [2:186]

Living with this Understanding:

  • Preparation for the Hereafter: The belief in life after death motivates Muslims to live ethically, perform good deeds, and seek God’s forgiveness.
  • Acceptance of Death: Understanding the transience of this life and the eternal nature of the hereafter helps Muslims face death with acceptance and resignation to God’s will.
  • Hope and Fear: The concept of life after death instills both hope for paradise and fear of punishment, encouraging believers to strive for a righteous life.

“But as for those who disbelieved and denied Our signs and the meeting of the Hereafter, they are condemned to the punishment; and an evil destination theirs will be.” Quran [14:19-20]

“And those who, when they commit an immorality or wrong themselves, remember Allah and seek forgiveness for their sins – and who can forgive sins except Allah? – and do not persist in what they have done while they know.” Quran [3:134]

Ali(A.S) Bin Abi Talib | Forth Caliph of Islam


Lion of Allah

“Lion of Allah” is a title used to refer to Ali ibn Abi Talib (A.S.), a central figure in Islam. He was born on 13 Rajab, approximately corresponding to March 17, 599 CE in Mecca, Ali was the cousin and son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

He was raised in the Prophet’s household and enjoyed a close relationship with him. Known for his bravery, intellect, and eloquence, Ali converted to Islam at a young age and actively supported the Prophet during the persecution faced by early Muslims.

He played a pivotal role in the migration from Mecca to Medina (Hijra) and participated in numerous battles defending the Muslim community. Both Islamic sects revere Ali’s knowledge, interpretations of scripture, and contributions to Islamic jurisprudence.

Many hadiths attributed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) mention Ali ibn Abi Talib (A.S.) and emphasize his importance. While the authenticity and interpretation of certain hadiths vary across different Islamic branches, some widely accepted ones highlight Ali’s unique position and qualities. Here are some notable examples:

Importance and Closeness to the Prophet(PBUH):

 “Whoever loves Ali loves me, and whoever hates Ali hates me.” (Sahih Bukhari)

“I am the city of knowledge, and Ali is its gate.” (Musnad Ahmad)

“Ali was with me in hardships when others were not.” (Tirmidhi)

Ali ascended to the Caliphate during a turbulent period marked by internal conflicts, political assassinations, and tensions with rival groups.

He faced opposition from some companions of the Prophet who favored other candidates or disagreed with his leadership style.

Challenges included rebellions like the Muawiya-led Umayyad faction and the Kharijites who accused him of deviating from Islamic principles.

He opposed practices like nepotism and aimed for fair distribution of resource. He emphasized justice and due process, establishing courts and judges based on merit. He prioritized competence and skill over personal connections in appointing officials.

“No one in this Ummah understands the Quran better than Ali.” (Al-Muwatta)

“Ali is with the right, and the right is with Ali wherever he goes.” (Sunan Ibn Majah)

“Seek knowledge even from China, and seek it from Ali even if you dislike him.” (Musnad Ahmad)

The Fatah Khaybar or the Conquest of Khaybar was a significant event in Islamic history that occurred in 628 CE. It was a military campaign led by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) against the Jewish tribes of Khaybar, located in present-day Saudi Arabia.


  • The Jewish tribes of Khaybar had previously broken their treaty with the Muslims and were involved in raids against Muslim settlements.
  • They also posed a threat to the growing Muslim community in Medina.
  • In response, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) decided to launch a military campaign against Khaybar.

The role of Ali (A.S.):

  • Ali ibn Abi Talib (A.S.) played a prominent role in the Fatah Khaybar.
  • He was one of the leading commanders of the Muslim army and distinguished himself in battle.
  • He was also instrumental in the capture of several of the Khaybar forts.

Leadership and Courage:

“I give the flag to whom Allah loves and who loves Allah; to whom Allah grants victory and who grants victory to others.” (Sahih Bukhari) (Referring to Ali, in the Battle of Khaibar)

“Ali is from me, and I am from Ali, and no one knows our merit except Allah.” (Tirmidhi)

Meaning of Life in Islam

Life in Islam

Life in Islam: A Mosaic of Beliefs and Practice

Islam, with its 1.9 billion followers worldwide, encompasses a diverse tapestry of beliefs and practices. It’s not a monolithic entity, but rather a rich tradition with multiple interpretations and expressions across cultures and regions.

 “Know that the worldly life is only amusement and diversion and [temporary] adornment and boasting among you and multiplying [in] children and wealth. But the good deed which persists – that is better with your Lord in reward and better in result. Quran [57:20]

 Core Pillars of Faith:

The foundation of Muslim life rests on five central pillars:

  1. Shahada (Declaration of Faith): Proclaiming the oneness of God (Allah) and the prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH).
  2. Salat (Prayer): Performing five daily prayers in specific postures and reciting prescribed verses.
  3. Zakat (Almsgiving): Contributing a portion of one’s wealth to support the poor and needy.
  4. Sawm (Fasting): Abstaining from food, drink, and sexual activity during the month of Ramadan.
  5. Hajj (Pilgrimage): Undertaking a journey to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, at least once in one’s lifetime if able.

These pillars bind Muslims together, fostering a sense of community and shared purpose. However, their interpretation and practice vary.

Expressions of Faith:

Within these foundational principles, a spectrum of interpretations and expressions emerge:

  • Sunni and Shia: The two major branches of Islam differ in their understanding of religious and political authority. While Sunnis follow the Caliphate system, Shias emphasize the lineage of Prophet Muhammad’s family (Ahl al-Bayt).
  • Sufism: This mystical path within Islam emphasizes personal connection with God through love, devotion, and inner purification.
  • Jurisprudence (Madhhabs): Four major Sunni and several Shia schools of jurisprudence provide guidance on interpreting religious texts and applying them to daily life.
  • Regional Variations: From vibrant Sufi traditions in South Asia to the Wahhabi movement in the Middle East, regional contexts shape practices and interpretations.

Daily Life and Rituals:

Beyond the pillars, Islam permeates daily life through various rituals and practices:

  • Dietary Restrictions: Halal and Haram guidelines dictate permissible and forbidden foods, shaping dietary choices and promoting mindful consumption.
  • Dress Code: Modesty in clothing, particularly for women, is encouraged based on interpretations of religious texts.
  • Greeting and Etiquette: Specific greetings and respectful behavior towards elders and others reflect communal values.
  • Family and Community: Family ties are highly valued, fostering strong social support networks. Community celebrations like Eid mark shared joys and reinforce solidarity.

Hadiths and Sayings:

Several sayings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) also address the temporary nature of life:

  • “This world is merely a bridge for you; do not make it your home.”
  • “The world is sweet and alluring, but beware! It is a deceitful prison for the believers and a paradise for the disbelievers.”
  • “Remember death often, for it cuts off desires and weakens pleasures.”

These sayings encourage Muslims to remember the impermanence of this life and focus on preparing for the hereafter.

Looking Ahead:

Despite these challenges, Islam continues to evolve and adapt. Young Muslim scholars and communities engage in critical discussions, reinterpreting traditions and promoting progressive interpretations relevant to contemporary realities.

 “And your worldly life is not but amusement and play; but the home of the hereafter – that is life, if only they knew.” Quran [6:197]

Spread of Islam

spread of Islam

The Global Journey of Islam

Early Beginnings (7th Century):

Islam is the fastest growing religion on earth. Islam experiences higher conversion rates than other religions, particularly in Africa and Southeast Asia. These conversions are attributed to various factors, including active missionary work, demographic shifts, and the perceived social relevance of Islamic values.

Islam emerged in the Arabian Peninsula under the leadership of Prophet Muhammad in the 7th century CE. Its message of monotheism, social justice, and community resonated with a society yearning for change. Initial spread occurred through personal conviction and missionary work, attracting individuals and tribes across Arabia.

Trade and Commerce:

Arabia’s position at the crossroads of trade routes played a crucial role. Muslim merchants, known for their honesty and fair dealing, acted as ambassadors of faith. Trade routes carried not only goods but also ideas, introducing Islam to diverse communities in Africa, India, and Southeast Asia.

Military Conquests (8th-12th Centuries):

The early Caliphate witnessed rapid expansion driven by military campaigns. These conquests, often motivated by a desire to spread Islam and defend Muslim communities, brought vast territories under Muslim rule. However, conversion wasn’t always forced; many embraced Islam due to its emphasis on justice, equality, and religious tolerance compared to prevailing systems.

Internal Dynamics and Diversification:

Despite rapid expansion, the Muslim world faced internal challenges. Political divisions and theological debates led to the emergence of Sunni and Shia branches of Islam, each with distinct interpretations and practices. This diversification, while fostering intellectual discourse, also contributed to regional variations in Islamic faith and culture.

Cultural Exchange and Integration:

Muslim rulers, especially during the Abbasid Caliphate, championed knowledge and learning. Translation movements flourished, bringing Greek, Persian, and Indian knowledge into the Islamic world. This cross-pollination enriched Islamic sciences, arts, and philosophy, and also influenced neighboring cultures like those of Byzantine and Hindu civilizations.

Sufism and Mysticism:

Alongside intellectual developments, the mystical dimension of Islam flourished through Sufism. Sufi saints and scholars played a significant role in spreading Islam through peaceful means, emphasizing personal piety, love, and inner transformation. They established networks of lodges and zawiyas, becoming instrumental in converting populations in Africa, Central Asia, and parts of the Middle East.

Regional Variations and Adaptations:

Islam adapted to diverse cultural contexts, integrating local traditions and practices. In Africa, Islam blended with animist beliefs, while in Southeast Asia, it coexisted with Hinduism and Buddhism. This cultural flexibility fostered widespread acceptance and contributed to the religion’s unique expressions in different regions.

Decline and Renewal (13th-18th Centuries):

From the 13th century onwards, the Muslim world faced challenges like Mongol invasions and internal political fragmentation. However, this period also witnessed intellectual and artistic renewal. Empires like the Ottomans and Mughals continued expansion, contributing to the spread of Islam in Eastern Europe and South Asia.

Colonial Encounters and Reform Movements (19th-20th Centuries):

The encounter with European colonialism posed new challenges. Muslim thinkers and movements emerged, seeking to reform and revitalize Islam while responding to Western critiques. These movements explored modernization, pan-Islamism, and social justice, shaping the contemporary Muslim world.

Islam in the 21st Century:

Today, Islam remains the world’s second-largest religion, with over 1.9 billion followers spread across diverse cultures and continents. Muslims  face contemporary challenges like globalization, religious extremism, and Islamophobia. However, the faith continues to adapt and evolve, with ongoing debates about its role in modern societies.

Impact and Legacies:

The spread of Islam left an undeniable mark on human history. It fostered empires, shaped cultures, and contributed significantly to advancements in science, philosophy, and arts. Its emphasis on social justice, education, and community continues to inspire individuals and societies.

There shall be no compulsion in [acceptance of] the religion. The right course has become clear from the wrong. So whoever disbelieves in Taghut(idols) and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold with no break in it. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing. Quran[2:256]


Status of Women in Islam and Hinduism



“One who is absolutely stunning, radiant, attractive and eye catching”. Excellence is the elegance in a lady’s heart. It is the graciousness with which she lives and the consideration for others she shows. It is in her giving soul. She aims to make others feel good and gives others encouragement.

Comparing the status of women in Islam and Hinduism is challenging due to the immense diversity within both religions. Both have rich histories, evolved interpretations, and varying practices across different cultures and social contexts. While broad generalizations can be misleading, here’s an attempt to highlight some key points:


  • Quranic principles: The Quran emphasizes equality in humanity for men and women before God. It grants women specific rights to inheritance, education, property ownership, and financial independence.
  • Diverse interpretations: Different schools of thought and cultural contexts lead to a spectrum of interpretations. Some interpretations uphold gender equality in various aspects of life, while others advocate for more traditional gender roles and dress codes.
  • Challenges exist: Women sometimes face challenges regarding domestic violence, unequal access to resources, and limitations on participation in public life. However, efforts towards reform and gender equality are ongoing.


  • Vedic texts: Ancient scriptures present diverse portrayals of women, ranging from goddesses and scholars to figures facing societal restrictions.
  • Social evolution: Hinduism’s views on women have evolved through various historical, cultural, and philosophical influences. Some texts like the Manusmriti promote patriarchal norms, while others like the Devi Mahatmya empower female deities.
  • Complex realities: Women’s experiences vary greatly across communities and social classes. Some enjoy freedom and independence, while others face discrimination and limited opportunities.

Attitude towards Widows:

Sati, also known as Suttee, was a historical practice in Hinduism where a widow sacrificed herself by sitting atop her deceased husband’s funeral pyre. It’s important to understand this practice with historical context and nuance, as it’s highly complex and raises sensitive issues.

Prevalence: Sati wasn’t widespread throughout India but remained concentrated in specific regions and social classes, mostly among Rajput clans. Its prevalence varied through history, increasing during the late medieval era and declining by the 19th century.

In Islam, widows hold a significant position and are granted specific rights and protections. Here’s a breakdown of what Islam says about widows:

Widows are encouraged to be treated with respect, compassion, and kindness. The Quran specifically instructs believers to:

    • “Treat orphans and widows equitably” (Quran 4:9).
    • “Do not harm the orphans and the widows” (Quran 95:8).

Key Differences to Consider:

  • Legal framework: Islam provides a legal framework for ensuring women’s rights, while Hinduism relies more on customs and traditions.
  • Patriarchal influences: Both religions have been influenced by patriarchal societies, but the degree of influence varies across interpretations and communities.
  • Religious leadership: While women hold leadership roles in Hinduism, Islamic leadership positions are traditionally reserved for men dur to her gentleness.

“A man’s got to do what a man’s got to do. A woman must do what he can’t.”
– Rhonda Hansome


Dajjal | Al-Masih


The Dajjal in Islam: A Figure of Deception and Tribulation

In Islamic , the Dajjal is a charismatic figure who will emerge near the end of time, claiming to be a prophet or even a God. He represents a major test of faith for believers and his arrival signifies the approaching Day of Judgment. Here’s a breakdown of what Islamic sources and traditions say about him:

Who is the Dajjal?

  • Characteristics: Described as one-eyed, with a ruddy complexion and curly hair, he will possess extraordinary powers and deceive many people. His name itself translates to “the Deceiver.”
  • Motives: He seeks to lead people astray from the true path of Islam and establish his own dominion.
  • Powers: He wields various deceptive abilities, including offering material wealth and promising paradise, while inflicting suffering and hardship on those who don’t follow him.

What will he do?

  • Travel and deception: He will travel across the world, entering every city except Mecca and Medina, spreading his false message and enticing people with his illusions.
  • Miracles (fitnah): He will perform seemingly miraculous feats, like bringing food and water from the sky or making dead people appear alive, further confusing and misleading people.
  • Fitnah Al-Dajjal: This period of tribulation will test the faith of even the strongest believers, requiring unwavering adherence to Islamic teachings.

Hadiths about the Dajjal:

  • Numerous narrations attributed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) describe the Dajjal and his characteristics.
  • One famous Hadith states: “The Dajjal will come blind in one eye, and over his eye will be a growth like a grape. The best of people or one of the best will say to him: “I bear witness that you are the Dajjal about whom Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) informed us.” (Sahih Muslim)
  • These Hadiths warn Muslims about his deception and urge them to stay firm in their faith.
  • Various Hadiths offer guidance on resisting the Dajjal’s deception. They advise seeking refuge in Allah, remembering the Prophet’s teachings, and holding fast to one’s faith. One Hadith states: “Whoever hears of him (the Dajjal) should stay far away from him.” (Sahih Muslim)

Who will kill him?

  • Jesus (Isa-A.S) will return to Earth during this time and confront the Dajjal. He will expose his deception and kill him at the gate of Lod (Israel), marking a significant victory for good over evil.
  • Some narratives mention alternative figures like Imam Mahdi, a righteous leader expected to emerge before the Day of Judgment, also playing a role in defeating the Dajjal.

Key Points to Remember:

Material temptations: He will offer wealth and prosperity to lure people away from the true path.

False promises: He will deceive people with promises of paradise and good fortune.

Distortion of scripture: He will twist and misinterpret religious texts to suit his agenda.

  • The Dajjal is a symbolic figure representing the allure of evil and deception in the later days.
  • Belief in his coming is part of Islamic faith, reminding Muslims of the importance of staying steadfast in their beliefs.
  • The focus should not be solely on fear mongering, but rather on strengthening faith and preparing for any spiritual challenges.
  • Diverse interpretations and perspectives exist within different Islamic schools of thought regarding specific details.

Further Exploration:

  • Engaging with credible resources and respectful dialogue with Muslim communities helps foster a deeper understanding of this concept within its broader theological context.
  • Remember, reducing faith to single elements can distort its richness and nuance.
  • Appreciate the importance of this belief for some Muslims while acknowledging the broader tapestry of Islamic teachings.

“There has never been any fitnah more severe than the fitnah of the Dajjal since the creation of Adam until the Day of Judgement.” (Musnad Ahmad)

Jesus in Islam | Miraculous Birth of Jesus

Jesus in Islam

In Islam, Jesus (referred to as Isa) holds a significant and revered position. Here’s a breakdown of how Muslims view him:

Jesus/Prophet and Messenger of God:

  • Muslims believe Jesus was a human prophet and messenger chosen by God, just like Abraham, Moses, and Muhammad (PBUH). He is mentioned by name 25 times in the Quran, emphasizing his importance.
  • He is called the Issa-Ibn-Maryam/Messiah (al-Masih), entrusted with a divine mission to guide the Children of Israel (Bani Israil) with a scripture called the Injil (Gospel).

Miraculous Birth and Ministry:

  • Muslims believe in the miraculous birth of Jesus to Mary (Maryam) without a human father, signifying God’s intervention.
  • They acknowledge his miracles, including healing the sick, raising the dead, and speaking from the cradle.
  • However, unlike some Christian beliefs, they do not consider Jesus divine or the son of God.

Ascension and Second Coming:

Muslims believe Jesus did not die on the cross but was miraculously saved by God and ascended to heaven. Several narrations attributed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) mention Jesus’ return. Most famously, he describes Jesus descending from the heavens, establishing justice, and defeat the Antichrist (Dajjal).

He will not return as a prophet but as a righteous follower of Islam, upholding the Law and teachings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

Length of stay: Opinions vary, but some suggest he will live for 40 years before passing away a natural death.

They expect his second coming before the Day of Judgement, where he will rule with justice and righteousness.

Key Differences from Christianity:

  • While sharing similarities with some Christian narratives, Islamic perspectives differ on Jesus’ divinity, crucifixion, and resurrection.

Acknowledging Miracles:

  • The Quran clearly mentions and emphasizes Jesus’ miraculous abilities, highlighting:
    • Miraculous birth: Jesus was born to Mary (Maryam) without a human father, considered a powerful sign of God’s intervention.
    • Speaking from the cradle: As an infant, Jesus defended Mary from accusations of infidelity, showcasing divine support.
    • Healing: He possessed the ability to heal the sick and blind, exemplifying God’s mercy and power.
    • Bringing the dead back to life: The Quran mentions this ability without going into details, indicating its miraculous nature.
    • Creating birds from clay: Jesus breathed life into clay birds, demonstrating his connection to God’s creative power.

Important Distinctions:

  • Muslims believe these miracles were granted by Allah to support Jesus’ prophethood and mission.
  • Unlike some Christian interpretations, Muslims do not consider Jesus divine or possessing inherent power.
  • They see him as a righteous human prophet chosen by God for a specific purpose, emphasizing his obedience and submission to Allah.

Respect and Reverence:

  • Despite these differences, Muslims hold Jesus in high esteem and respect. They believe in his message of love, peace, and justice, emphasizing his role as a righteous prophet and example for all.

Understanding Different Interpretations:

  • Within Islam, various interpretations and perspectives exist regarding Jesus’ life and teachings.
  • Engaging with diverse scholarly opinions and historical contexts is crucial for a deeper understanding.


  • Reducing Jesus’ role in Islam solely to these points may lead to oversimplification.
  • Exploring diverse perspectives and engaging in respectful dialogue with Muslim communities helps foster understanding and appreciation for the richness of religious traditions.

Muslim | Follower of Islam


Beyond Stereotypes: Exploring the Tapestry of Muslim Lives

A Muslim is someone who adheres to the teachings of Islam, a monotheistic religion revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) through the Quran and his traditions (Sunnah).

Across the globe, over 1.8 billion Muslims weave a vibrant tapestry of cultures, experiences, and perspectives. From the bustling medinas of the Middle East to the quiet mosques of Southeast Asia, Islam serves as a common thread, yet the richness of Muslim life defies simplistic generalization. This article delves beyond stereotypes, exploring the diverse realities of Muslims in the world today.

Beyond Borders: A Global Tapestry

Imagine a community encompassing over 200 nationalities and spanning every continent. Muslims are doctors, engineers, artists, athletes, entrepreneurs, students, and teachers, contributing to every facet of society. In Indonesia, the world’s largest Muslim-majority nation, vibrant democracy thrives. In Senegal, Sufi traditions promote interfaith dialogue and tolerance. In the United States, Muslim athletes like Ibtihaj Muhammad inspire young girls, while entrepreneurs like Shadi Shammas redefine the tech industry. This diversity defies a singular narrative, showcasing the dynamism and adaptability of Muslim communities worldwide.

Faith and Identity: Beyond Monoliths

Islam provides a moral compass and spiritual foundation for many Muslims, shaping their values and guiding their actions. However, interpretations of faith vary widely. From progressive movements advocating gender equality to conservative interpretations emphasizing tradition, the Muslim world encompasses a spectrum of theological and social views. Recognizing this diversity is crucial to understanding the nuances of Muslim identity, which is shaped not just by faith, but also by ethnicity, language, culture, and personal experiences.

Challenges and Triumphs: Navigating Complexities

Muslims face a range of challenges, from Islamophobia and discrimination to poverty and conflict. Yet, they also demonstrate remarkable resilience and perseverance. From Malala Yousafzai’s courageous fight for education to the countless community leaders striving for social justice, Muslims are actively shaping their own destinies and contributing to positive change. Recognizing these challenges and triumphs allows us to move beyond stereotypes and engage with the complexities of Muslim experiences.

Ibn Sina (980-1037 CE): Also known as Avicenna, he was a polymath who made significant contributions to medicine, including surgery. He described various surgical techniques in his medical encyclopedia “The Canon of Medicine,” including bone setting, wound treatment, and ophthalmology.

Common Threads: Shared Values and Aspirations

Despite their diversity, Muslims share many common threads. The core values of compassion, justice, and family are central to their faith and guide their actions. From acts of charity that transcend borders to the emphasis on education and community building, these shared values translate into concrete contributions that benefit societies worldwide. Recognizing these commonalities fosters understanding and bridges divides, promoting a more inclusive and harmonious world.

Moving Forward: Building Bridges of Understanding

Engaging with the diversity of Muslim experiences is crucial in our interconnected world. By fostering dialogue, challenging stereotypes, and celebrating shared values, we can build bridges of understanding and create a more inclusive future for all. Remember, Muslim communities are not monolithic entities, but vibrant tapestries woven with threads of faith, culture, and individual stories. By appreciating this richness, we can move beyond misconceptions and embrace the full spectrum of what it means to be Muslim in the 21st century.

Further Exploration:

  • Explore the rich cultural heritage of Muslim communities around the world, from food and music to art and literature.
  • Engage with diverse Muslim voices through documentaries, podcasts, and personal narratives.
  • Connect with Muslim communities in your local area through interfaith initiatives or cultural events.
  • Support organizations that work to empower Muslims and combat Islamophobia.

By taking these steps, we can contribute to a more inclusive and understanding world, one where the tapestry of Muslim lives is celebrated in all its complexity and beauty.

Polygamy in Islam


Polygamy in Islam: Understanding the Practice and its Context

What is polygamy?

Polygamy refers to the practice of having multiple spouses at the same time. In most historical and contemporary contexts, this specifically means a man having multiple wives, while polyandry, a woman having multiple husbands, is much less common globally.

What does Islam say about polygamy?

According to Islamic law, men are permitted to have up to four wives simultaneously under specific conditions. It’s important to note that this permission is not an encouragement, and many scholars emphasize the challenges and responsibilities associated with this practice.

Key Points to Consider:

  • Conditions for Polygamy: Islam mandates strict conditions for polygamy, including the husband’s ability to ensure justice and equal treatment for all wives in terms of financial support, emotional attention, and physical intimacy. Failing to uphold these conditions is considered a grave sin.
  • Justification: Historically, polygamy could serve social purposes like caring for widows and orphans during times of war or hardship. Modern interpretations often emphasize individual circumstances and highlight alternative solutions like charitable work to fulfill such needs.
  • Discouragement and Emphasis on Monogamy: Numerous Quranic verses and prophetic hadiths emphasize the virtues of monogamy and the difficulties of maintaining fairness in polygamy. Verses like 4:3 suggest its inherent difficulty and advise choosing only one wife unless absolute justice can be ensured.
  • Modern Context and Debates: Views on polygamy vary within Muslim communities. Some advocate for its abolishment due to social changes and concerns about gender equality. Others view it as a permissible option in specific circumstances, emphasizing adherence to the strict conditions and responsible practice.

It’s crucial to remember:

  • Polygamy is a complex issue with various interpretations and applications within different Islamic schools of thought.
  • Reducing Islam to solely this practice is inaccurate and can create misunderstandings.
  • Understanding requires considering historical context, diverse perspectives, and responsible interpretations of religious texts.
  • Respectful dialogue and awareness of differing viewpoints are essential when discussing sensitive topics like this.

Prophet Muhammad’s sayings and actions regarding polygamy are multifaceted and often require careful interpretation based on historical context and diverse scholarly perspectives. He also emphasized the virtues of monogamy and the challenges of maintaining fairness in polygamy, stating, “The best of you is the one who is best to his wife, and I am the best of you to my wives.”

By engaging with these complexities and avoiding oversimplification, we can foster a more nuanced understanding of polygamy within the broader context of Islamic teachings and contemporary society.

Honor Killing in Islam

Honor Killing

Understanding Honor Killings: Not Islamically Sanctioned and a Global Issue


An honor killing is a brutal act of violence, usually committed by male family members, against a female relative perceived to have brought shame or dishonor upon the family. This shame can be associated with refusing an arranged marriage, having premarital sex, or even simply speaking to an unrelated man.

“They (your wives) are your garments and you are their garments.” [Quran_2:187]

This metaphorical comparison depicts marriage as a relationship of mutual respect, protection, and support, where both partners fulfill crucial roles in each other’s lives

Islam and Honor Killings:

  • No Religious Justification: It is crucial to emphasize that *Islam* strictly forbids honor killings. The Quran and teachings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) promote forgiveness, justice, and respect for human life. Any act of violence against another person, regardless of the reason, is strictly condemned.
  • “And women have rights over you similar to those upon which you have rights over them….”[Quran_2:228]
  • Misinterpretations and Cultural Influences: Unfortunately, some individuals misinterpret religious texts or use them to justify their own pre-existing beliefs and cultural norms. Honor killings often stem from deeply ingrained patriarchal ideologies and societal pressures, not from Islamic teachings.
  • Condemnation by Muslim Leaders and Scholars: Overwhelmingly, Muslim leaders and scholars across the globe denounce honor killings as heinous crimes that violate Islamic principles.

Prevalence and Scope:

  • Global Issue: While associated with certain regions, honor killings occur in various countries, affecting women regardless of their faith or background. It’s not limited to Muslim communities.
  • Statistics: Due to underreporting and cultural sensitivities, it’s difficult to have accurate global figures. However, estimates suggest thousands of women become victims of honor killings annually.

Combating the Issue:

  • Education and Awareness: Raising awareness about the dangers of honor killings and challenging harmful cultural norms is crucial.
  • Empowering Women: Promoting girls’ education and economic independence can create opportunities for them to make their own choices and be less vulnerable to such practices.
  • Legal Action: Strengthening laws against honor killings and ensuring their proper enforcement is essential.
  • Interfaith Dialogue: Fostering understanding and collaboration between communities of different faiths can address misinterpretations and promote collective action against such violence.


  • Honor killings are not condoned by Islam or any other major religion.
  • It’s a complex issue with cultural and social roots, requiring multifaceted solutions.
  • Addressing this issue effectively requires collective efforts from communities, religious leaders, policymakers, and individuals to dismantle harmful norms and promote gender equality and respect for human life.

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) specifically mentions women three times in his last sermon.

He stated, “O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under Allah’s trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. This emphasizes the mutual responsibility and respect within a marriage, highlighting the women’s right to proper care and treatment.

A believing man should not hate his believing wife; if he dislikes one of her characteristics, he may well be pleased with another.” (Muslim)

Islam and Modernity


Islam and Modernity: A Tapestry Woven Between Tradition and Transformation

Across the vast canvas of time, Islam and modernity have engaged in a dynamic dance, a continuous interplay of tradition and transformation. From the bustling streets of Cairo to the quiet mosques of Tokyo, Muslims grapple with the complexities of embracing new technologies, social changes, and philosophical currents while anchoring themselves in the timeless values of their faith.

“We created man from a clinging clot, then a clinging mass, then organized bones, then clothed them with flesh, then produced them as creations diverse.”[Quran_22:5]

Embrace and Encounter: Navigating the Modern Landscape

Modernity, with its emphasis on individualism, scientific inquiry, and rapid technological advancements, often presents itself as a stark contrast to the traditional foundations of Islam. Yet, Muslims throughout history have demonstrated a remarkable ability to engage with new ideas and adapt to changing circumstances. From the early translations of Greek philosophical texts during the Islamic Golden Age to the contemporary advancements in Islamic finance and medicine, Muslims have embraced innovation while ensuring it aligns with their core values.

Al-Zahrawi (980-1037 CE): Often referred to as the “father of surgery” , he wrote comprehensive medical texts detailing various surgical procedures, including instruments, techniques, and wound care. His “Kitab al-Tasrif” (The Book of Medicine) was translated into Latin and widely used in Europe for centuries.

Challenges and Concerns: Bridging the Gaps

However, navigating the modern landscape isn’t without its challenges. Concerns regarding secularism, religious freedom, and the interpretation of traditional texts in the context of modern realities spark lively debates and discussions within Muslim communities. Issues like women’s rights, family structures, and the role of technology in religious practice create opportunities for reinterpretation and adaptation, while also raising concerns about potential clashes with established norms.

A Spectrum of Responses: Diversity within Unity

The Muslim response to modernity is far from monolithic. A spectrum of viewpoints exists, ranging from complete rejection of modern values to enthusiastic embrace. Some emphasize strict adherence to tradition, fearing deviation from established norms. Others advocate for progressive interpretations, seeking to harmonize faith with contemporary realities. This diversity reflects the richness and dynamism of Islamic thought, and fosters ongoing dialogue and debate within the Muslim world.

Reconciling Faith and Progress: Finding Common Ground

Despite the challenges, a common thread connects Muslims grappling with modernity – the desire to reconcile their faith with progress. This search for harmony manifests in diverse ways:

  • Ijtihad: The practice of independent reasoning and interpretation of religious texts allows for adapting legal rulings to evolving contexts.
  • Renewal Movements: Movements advocating for reinterpretation of religious texts and practices to address contemporary challenges.
  • Modern Islamic Scholarship: Engaging with modern disciplines like sociology, psychology, and philosophy to analyze and reframe traditional understanding.

Beyond Challenges: Opportunities for Enrichment

Modernity isn’t just a challenge; it also presents immense opportunities for enriching the practice of Islam. Access to information and education empowers individuals to deepen their understanding of their faith. Technologies facilitate global communication and collaboration, fostering greater unity and understanding among Muslims worldwide. The diverse voices within the Muslim community can contribute to enriching broader societal discourse on topics like ethics, social justice, and environmental stewardship.

Looking Ahead: A Tapestry of Continuous Weaving

The relationship between Islam and modernity is a dynamic and ongoing process. Challenges remain, but so do opportunities for growth and adaptation. As Muslims continue to navigate the complexities of the modern world, their rich tapestry of faith, woven with threads of tradition and transformation, promises to be a vibrant and influential force in shaping the future.

The secret of success is in QURAN.

Verily, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, and the ships which sail through the sea with that which benefits mankind, and the water that Allah sends down from the sky and revives therewith the dead earth, and the moving creatures which He has scattered throughout the earth – in all these things are signs for a people who understand.”[Quran_39:68]

Expanding the Canvas: Further Exploration

This article offers a glimpse into the intricacies of Islam and modernity. However, much remains to be explored. Here are some avenues for further investigation:

  • Specific case studies: Explore how Muslim communities in different regions are engaging with modernity.
  • In-depth analysis of theological debates: Delve deeper into discussions on ijtihad, hermeneutics, and the interpretation of sacred texts.
  • The role of women and youth: Investigate how their voices and perspectives shape the conversation on Islam and modernity.
  • Interfaith dialogue: Explore how Muslims engage with other religious communities in the modern world.

“Seeking knowledge is an obligation upon every Muslim, male and female.”[Sunan Tirmidhi]

By embarking on these journeys of exploration, we can gain a deeper appreciation for the richness and complexity of Islam’s encounter with modernity, and how this dynamic relationship continues to shape the world we live in.

Islam | Christianity | Judaism, Similarities and Difference

Islam Christianity Judaism

Abrahamic Roots: Exploring the Similarities and Differences Between Islam, Christianity, and Judaism

The world’s religious landscape is adorned with a tapestry of diverse faiths. Among these, Islam, Christianity, and Judaism stand out as the three Abrahamic religions, sharing a rich historical and theological lineage stemming from Prophet Abraham (PBUH). While each religion has evolved into its own distinct entity, their shared ancestry fosters intriguing similarities and thought-provoking differences. Delving into this interfaith landscape, this article sheds light on the unique characteristics of each religion while highlighting the common threads that bind them together.

Core Tenets: A Unified Foundation

At the heart of these three religions lies a shared belief in one God, the creator and sustainer of the universe. This monotheistic principle forms the cornerstone of their faith, shaping their understanding of the divine and directing their worship. Additionally, all three religions acknowledge the sanctity of prophets and messengers sent by God to guide humanity. Abraham, Moses, and Jesus (PBUH) hold significant positions in their respective narratives, each playing a pivotal role in transmitting divine revelation and shaping religious practices.

Scriptures and Revelations: Divergent Paths

While acknowledging the foundational truth revealed to Abraham, each religion possesses its own sacred scripture. For Jews, the Torah, comprising the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, serves as the cornerstone of their faith, outlining their covenant with God, laws, and rituals. Christians revere the Bible, encompassing both the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) and the New Testament, which chronicles the life and teachings of Jesus (PBUH) and the early church. Muslims hold the Quran as the final and complete revelation from God, delivered through Prophet Muhammad(PBUH). These scriptures, though distinct in content and historical context, offer guidance, ethical principles, and narratives that shape the faith and practices of their respective communities.

Rituals and Expressions of Faith:

Each Abrahamic religion expresses its devotion through various rituals and practices. Prayer stands as a central pillar in all three, serving as a direct connection with the divine. Jews observe daily prayers, specific blessings, and Shabbat, a weekly day of rest and worship. Christians engage in individual and communal prayers, emphasizing sacraments like baptism and communion. Muslims perform five daily prayers facing the Kaaba and observe Ramadan, a month of fasting and spiritual reflection. While the expressions of faith differ, the underlying purpose of seeking closeness to God through acts of devotion remains a common thread.

Theological Distinctions: Divergent Interpretations

Despite their shared foundation, theological differences emerge in interpretations of key concepts. The nature of God, the Messiah, and the path to salvation are points of divergence. Jews await the coming of the Messiah who will usher in an era of peace and justice. Christians believe Jesus (PBUH) is the Messiah, the Son of God, who died for humanity’s sins, offering salvation through faith in him. Muslims believe Jesus (PBUH) was a prophet but not divine, and salvation comes through submission to God’s will and good deeds. These differing interpretations, while sometimes leading to theological debates, are not insurmountable barriers to understanding and respect.

Beyond Differences: Shared Values and Ethics

Despite their doctrinal and historical differences, these Abrahamic religions share a remarkable convergence in ethical principles. The importance of charity, compassion, justice, and family are values deeply ingrained in each faith. The Golden Rule, emphasizing treating others as you wish to be treated, finds expressions in all three religions, highlighting their shared commitment to moral living and contributing to a just and compassionate world.

Interfaith Dialogue: Building Bridges of Understanding

In today’s world, fostering understanding and dialogue between different faiths is more crucial than ever. Recognizing the similarities and differences between Islam, Christianity, and Judaism opens avenues for constructive dialogue and collaboration. By appreciating shared values, engaging in respectful discussions, and celebrating diversity within the Abrahamic tradition, we can build bridges of understanding that promote peace, harmony, and cooperation for the betterment of humanity.


In conclusion, Islam, Christianity, and Judaism, born from the same Abrahamic root, have grown into distinct and vibrant expressions of faith. While theological interpretations and rituals may differ, their shared belief in one God, reverence for prophets, and emphasis on ethical living point towards a common ground. Recognizing these similarities and engaging in respectful dialogue can pave the way for a future where the Abrahamic religions contribute to a more peaceful and compassionate world.

This article provides a foundation for exploring the intricate tapestry of these three religions. It is important to remember that each faith encompasses diverse denominations and interpretations, and further exploration within each tradition is encouraged for a deeper understanding and appreciation of their unique contributions to the world’s religious landscape.

Continue your research, and you will find what you’re looking for!

Hajj | Pilgrimage to Mecca


The Journey of a Lifetime: Unveiling the Depths and Significance of Hajj

Hajj, the fifth pillar of Islam, transcends a mere pilgrimage; it’s a spiritual odyssey, a physical challenge, and a profound act of submission that resonates through the hearts of over 2 million Muslims annually. This transformative journey to Mecca, the holiest city in Islam, embodies unity, humility, and the pursuit of divine closeness.

A Journey Rooted in History:

Hajj traces its roots back to Prophet Abraham (PBUH) and his son Ishmael (PBUH). Following Allah’s command, Abraham journeyed to Mecca and prepared to sacrifice his son, demonstrating his utmost obedience. At the last moment, Allah SWT provided a ram in Ishmael’s place, marking the culmination of the trial and establishing the foundation of Hajj. This historical event symbolizes sacrifice, submission to God’s will, and the renewal of faith.

The Quran emphasizes the obligation of Hajj for those who are physically and financially able: “And pilgrimage to the House [Kaaba] is a duty that mankind owes to Allah, for those who are able to do it. And whoever disbelieves – then indeed, Allah is Rich beyond need of the worlds.” (Quran 22:27) This verse underscores the importance of Hajj, highlighting its spiritual significance and potential rewards.

The Rites and Rituals

Hajj unfolds over five days, encompassing a series of rites and rituals performed in specific locations within Mecca and its surroundings. These acts, devoid of worldly distinctions, foster a sense of unity and equality among pilgrims:

Ihram: Donning simple white garments signifies shedding worldly distractions and entering a state of purity and devotion.

Tawaf: Circumambulating the Kaaba, a cubical structure believed to be built by Abraham and Ishmael, represents the oneness of God and the equality of all humanity before Him.

Safa and Marwa: Running between the hills of Safa and Marwa commemorates Hegira’s desperate search for water for her son Ishmael, symbolizing perseverance and hope.

Standing at Arafat: This central ritual involves supplication and reflection on the Day of Judgement, reminding pilgrims of their accountability before God.

Stoning the Jamarat: Throwing stones at three pillars symbolizes the rejection of temptation and evil.

Sacrifice: Offering an animal sacrifice commemorates Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son and highlights the importance of submission and gratitude.

Farewell Tawaf: A final circumambulation of the Kaaba signifies completion of the pilgrimage and serves as a farewell to the sacred city.

Beyond the Rituals

Hajj transcends mere physical acts. It’s a journey of self-discovery, a crucible for spiritual growth, and an opportunity to reconnect with Allah (SWT). The experience fosters:

Humility: Stripped of worldly possessions and distinctions, pilgrims stand equal before God, reminding them of their true essence and dependence on the divine.

Forgiveness: Hajj offers an opportunity to seek forgiveness for past transgressions and return to a state of spiritual purity.

Compassion: Witnessing the struggles and sacrifices of others cultivates empathy and compassion, fostering a sense of global brotherhood and sisterhood.

Renewed Purpose: Returning from Hajj, pilgrims are charged with carrying the lessons learned and the spirit of unity into their daily lives, contributing positively to their communities and striving for a just and compassionate world.

Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) Guidance

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) emphasized the importance of Hajj through his words and actions. He said, “Whoever performs Hajj for Allah’s sake and avoids sexual relations and evil speech, will return from his Hajj as pure as on the day his mother bore him.” (Sahih Muslim) This Hadith highlights the potential of Hajj to cleanse the soul and transform individuals.

Challenges and Overcoming Them

Performing Hajj presents various challenges, from physical exertion to managing large crowds. However, through proper planning, preparation, and a patient and focused approach, these challenges can be overcome, turning the experience into a journey of resilience and spiritual growth.

The effects of Hajj extend far beyond the five-day pilgrimage. It leaves an indelible mark on individuals, shaping their values, behaviors, and outlook on life. The lessons learned, the bonds formed, and the renewed sense of purpose empower pilgrims to become better Muslims and responsible citizens, contributing to a more peaceful and harmonious world.

  • “The reward of Hajj Mabrur (accepted Hajj) is nothing but Paradise.” (Sahih al-Bukhari)

Zakat | One Pillar of Islam


Zakat(Sowing Seeds of Compassion, Reaping a Harvest of Hope)

Zakat, the third pillar of Islam, resonates not just as a religious obligation but as a beacon of compassion, a bridge between wealth and well-being, and a promise of a more just and equitable society. It transcends a mere financial transaction, embodying the essence of sharing, solidarity, and social responsibility.

A Pillar Rooted in Compassion:

Zakat, meaning “purification” or “growth,” signifies the mandatory giving of a specific portion of one’s wealth to support those in need. It compels Muslims to share their blessings, recognizing that true wealth lies not just in material possessions but in generosity and a heart attuned to the suffering of others. The Quran beautifully captures this sentiment: “And those who hoard their wealth and do not spend it in the way of Allah – let them not expect any good from Us.” (Quran 9:80)

Calculating Your Contribution:

The calculation of Zakat varies depending on the type of wealth possessed. For cash, gold, and silver, the standard rate is 2.5%. For agricultural produce, livestock, and business inventory, the rates and thresholds differ based on specific conditions. Consulting with scholars or reliable resources is crucial to ensure accurate calculations.

The Right Time to Give:

While there’s no specific day mandated for Zakat, it’s encouraged to fulfill it throughout the year to ensure consistent support for those in need. The month of Ramadan presents a particularly auspicious time due to its heightened spiritual significance and potential for increased rewards.

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) emphasized the importance of Zakat through his words and actions. He said, “Give Zakat willingly, for it is a purification for your wealth and a source of growth for it.” (Musnad Ahmad) This Hadith highlights the dual benefit of Zakat – spiritual purification and material blessings. He further encouraged generous giving, stating, “The best charity is that given promptly, secretly, and without causing the recipient any hardship.” (Sahih Muslim) This emphasizes the discreet and considerate nature of giving, prioritizing the dignity and respect of those receiving aid.

Uplifting Lives, Building a Better World:

The impact of Zakat extends far beyond individual acts of generosity. It empowers communities, alleviates poverty, and fosters social justice. Zakat funds are used for diverse purposes, from providing food and shelter to supporting education, healthcare, and infrastructure development. By bridging the gap between the rich and poor, Zakat cultivates a sense of shared responsibility and collective well-being.

As the Quran states, “Zakat is for the poor and the needy, and for those employed to collect [it], and for bringing together the hearts [of those who contribute] – and for [giving to] those in bondage and indebted, and for the wayfarer – a duty imposed by Allah. And Allah is Knowing, Wise.” (Quran 9:60) This verse clearly outlines the diverse groups Zakat aims to support, underscoring its far-reaching impact on various segments of society.

Inspiring Stories of Generosity:

Throughout history, countless individuals have embraced the spirit of Zakat, leaving behind inspiring stories of selfless giving. From early Muslims who shared their meager harvests to contemporary philanthropists who dedicate their wealth to alleviating global challenges, these acts of generosity serve as beacons of hope and reminders of the transformative power of Zakat.

Finding Joy in Giving:

Zakat is not just an obligation; it’s an opportunity to experience the joy of giving, the satisfaction of helping others, and the fulfillment of fulfilling a religious duty. As Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “The happiest person is the one who benefits others.” (Al-Tirmidhi) By embracing the spirit of Zakat, we open ourselves to a deeper connection with our communities, enriching our lives and contributing to a world where compassion and social justice flourish.

So let us not wait, but step forward with open hearts and willing hands, embracing Zakat as a beacon of hope, a seed of compassion, and a promise of a brighter future for all.


Hijab | Hijab in Islam


What is Hijab? 

In Islam, women and men are required to dress modestly.  Hijab encourages modesty, both physically and spiritually.

When a woman covers her head as per Allah’s command, it is her way of showing her belief in Allah and accepting all his commands. It makes the connection between the Almighty and that woman stronger.


It is not just a order but the sagacity behind it. The Law of Islam (Shari’ah) forbids the gathering of men and women together, their mixing, intermingling, and crowding together, as well as the revealing and exposure of women to men. Because they contribute to the arousal of desires and the commission of indecency and wrongdoing, these actions are prohibited.


“O Prophet ! When traveling, instruct your daughters and wives, as well as the believing women, to cover their bodies with clothing: that is most convenient, that they ought to be known (as such) and that they should not be abused. And Allah is the Most Merciful and Forgiving.” [Quran 33:59] 

So, Hijab is for their Protection from hex.


Which body parts should a women cover in pardah? 


As Allah mentioned in Quran “Bring your outer garments up to your chest”. This verse makes it abundantly clear that a woman must cover all of her beauty and adornments, and she must not show any of them to non-mahram men (strangers) unless it appears unintentionally, in which case they will not be guilty of a sin if they rush to cover it up.


So, face of a women also includes in her beauty. And from this verse it’s clear that its mandatory to cover her face.


Is Hijab compulsory?


Because it is explicitly mentioned in the Quran and hadith, all scholars are in agreement that wearing the hijab is obligatory and a sin. Nevertheless, like everything else in Islam, it is a choice.


Everything in Islam, including being a Muslim, is a choice, including drinking alcohol and praying. However, just because something is a choice does not mean that you should make it:


“The truth is from your Lord.” Then whosoever wills, let him believe; and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve. Verily, We have prepared for the wrongdoers, a Fire whose walls will be surrounding them. And if they ask for drink, they will be granted water like Al-Muhl, that will scald their faces. [Quran Al-kahf-Ayat 29]


We are guided  to follow a set of instructions, but we are free to decide whether or not we want to. We will be rewarded in the dunya and beyond if we choose to follow it; otherwise, we will be punished. In any case, because they exercised their free will, everyone will be held accountable for their actions in this life.


You see the same pattern applied to other things such as free-mixings, physical interaction between the genders, drinking, and so on. For further exploration, check out this  article about Imp of Hijab.



The “belief is in the heart, not in our actions, so Allah should judge us by that” mentality causes this kind of behavior to have a huge impact on society and lead to a very steep slope where things only get worse.


And we should not even pray because Imman is in our Hearts?


Difference between Shia and Sunni Muslims

Difference between Shia and Sunni Muslims


 Shia and Sunni Muslims

Both Sunni and Shia Muslims live throughout the world. However, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Egypt, and Indonesia all have a significant Sunni population. Countries like Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, and Syria are majority or significantly Shia Muslim.


The contrast among Sunni and Shia Muslims started as a political inquiry in Islam’s initial history. The companions of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, had to decide who would lead the Muslim community after the Prophet’s death.

“My community will be divided into 73 sects, all of them in Hell except one.” (Sahih Muslim)

“The saved sect is the one that is upon what I am upon and my Companions are upon.” (Sunan Tirmidhi)


Sunnis hold the belief that the Prophet, peace be upon him, did not explicitly name a successor. Shia Muslims, on the other hand, argue that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) did, in fact, make it clear that he wanted Ali, his cousin and son-in-law, to be the ruler after he died.


Sunni Muslims hold the belief that Abu Bakr (RA), the closest companion of the Prophet, was the best candidate to lead the Muslim community. Shia Muslims accept that the pioneer ought to have been Ali(RA). Although some people continued to be dissatisfied, Ali himself was not dissatisfied with the decision to appoint Abu Bakr as ruler.


Abu Bakr was the main caliph, Ali ultimately turned into the fourth. This political difference was the source of the theological differences that existed between the two groups. Assuming Ali was unequivocally assigned by the Prophet harmony arrive, that would suggest that Abu Bakr unjustifiably usurped the right of the caliph.

“Whoever disobeys my Sunnah and follows the way of innovation has gone astray.” (Musnad Ahmad)


This is unacceptable to Sunni Muslims because Abu Bakr is considered one of the greatest Muslims in Sunni tradition. Assuming he usurped the caliph from Ali, this would infer that Abu Bakr was defying the orders of the Prophet. Additionally, it would imply that Abu Bakr’s followers were also disobeying the Prophet. Sunnis disagree with this view because, according to the Qur’an, the Companions are all held in high regard. It is essential to take note of that Ali is additionally significant in Sunni thought.


Ali was assassinated along with the second and third caliphs. The Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him,’s  grandsons, his sons Hassan and Hussein, claimed the caliphate. However, Hussein and a large number of his relatives were murdered by cursing yazid whose mother was a Jew and father was Muslim. Shia Muslims annually observe a specific day in the Islamic month of Muharram to mourn Hussein’s death, despite the fact that both Sunni and Shia Muslims mourn his death.

While discourse and participation exist, strains can emerge because of verifiable complaints, political intercessions, and partisan translations of specific strict texts. It’s significant to comprehend that the two Sunni and Shia contribute gigantically to the extravagance and variety of Islamic idea and practice, and cultivating shared understanding and regard stays a continuous exertion.


What the book in which they both believe says about this?

“Indeed, those who have divided their religion and become sects – you, [O Muhammad], are not [associated] with them in anything. Their affair is only [left] to Allah; then He will inform them about what they used to do.”   [Quran 6:159]

If you’re interested in learning more about this topic, this website is a valuable resource.


Are most Muslims Sunni or Shia?


Sunnis make up the larger population of Muslims. Sunni Muslims make up 87-90% of Muslims, while Shia Muslims make up 10-13%.